Home > Plastic Surgery > Diagnosing Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders

Diagnosing Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders

By Dr. Suzanne Cleland-Zamudio

In order to diagnose diseases and disorders affecting the head and the neck, otolaryngologists employ various procedures depending on the patient’s symptoms. To ease the process of diagnosis, the patient should be ready to answer questions the doctor may ask, such as the nature of the symptoms, when they started, and the personal or family ear, nose, and throat disorder history. Once the doctor has collected this information, she will perform a diagnostic procedure.

-If an ear infection is suspected, the doctor will use an otoscope to observe the inner ear canal. If bacteria are found, the doctor will most likely prescribe an antibiotic.

-In cases of suspected sinus infections, the doctor will use an endoscope to look through the nose into the sinus cavity and check for inflammation or unusual discharge.

Sleep apnea, or frequent cessation of breathing during sleep, may be difficult to diagnose because it requires a sleep study. The doctor will look for peripheral evidence by asking questions related to sleep and snoring as well as observing if the tonsils or uvula have become inflamed.

About Dr. Suzanne Cleland-Zamudio: Based in Portland, Oregon, otolaryngologist Suzanne Cleland-Zamudio, MD, currently practices at Portland Ear, Nose, and Throat Specialists.

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